Lay of the Land: Abortion Policies and Access in the United States

The abortion landscape is fragmented and increasingly polarized. Many states have abortion restrictions or bans in place that make it difficult, if not impossible, for people to get care. Other states have taken steps to protect abortion rights and access. To help people understand this complex landscape, our interactive map groups states into one of seven categories based on abortion policies they currently have in effect. Users can select any state to see details about abortion policies in place, characteristics of state residents and key abortion statistics, including driving distance to the nearest abortion clinic.

The map reflects state policies in effect as of June 21, 2022.
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AL AK AZ CA AR CO CT MA DE DC FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY MD
  • Most restrictive
  • Very restrictive
  • Restrictive
  • Some restrictions/protections
  • Protective
  • Very protective
  • Most protective

Abortion Policies in {{ selectedState.state }}

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States have constructed a web of abortion laws and regulations that restrict or support whether, when and under what circumstances providers can offer abortion care and a pregnant individual can obtain an abortion. While a state’s abortion policies affect all people seeking care, they are particularly significant for individuals who find it difficult or outright impossible to access care when forced to navigate around abortion bans and restrictions. This includes people already facing barriers due to factors like their race, income, age or gender identity.

Abortion policies currently in effect in {{ selectedState.state }} include the following:

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Notes:

This content represents state policies in effect as of June 21, 2022.

The District of Columbia is under the jurisdiction of the US Congress, which means that Congress reviews all DC legislation, including anything related to abortion, before it can become law. Congress can modify or even overturn such legislation and it can impose unwanted laws on DC.

Protections for abortion patients and clinic staff can include:

  • Prohibiting specific activities near clinics, such as vandalism or obstruction
  • Limiting protests aimed at clinic patients by either creating “buffer” zones around clinics that bar protestors entirely or establishing floating “bubble zones” of several feet around a person who is within a specific distance of a clinic

People Who May Need an Abortion

Affordable and accessible abortion care is a right that exists only on paper for many people who are already marginalized and oppressed by structural inequities, including people with low incomes, Black and Brown communities and other people of color, young people, and those who are uninsured or are prohibited from using their insurance for abortion care.

Please note: Anyone who can get pregnant may need an abortion, including people who do not identify as women. We use “women of reproductive age” when describing the potential pool of abortion patients in order to reflect the terminology of our data sources. Only a fraction of the women of reproductive age in any state will need an abortion in any given year.

{{ selectedState.state }} has {{ selectedState.wora_in_state_15_49 }} women of reproductive age (15–49)

{{ selectedState.residents_in_state_born_outside_us }}% of women aged 15–49 in {{ selectedState.state }} were born outside the United States

{{ selectedState.income_level_below_fpl }}% of women aged 15–49 in {{ selectedState.state }} have incomes below 200% of the federal poverty level

Type of insurance coverage for women aged 15–49 in {{ selectedState.state }}

Age distribution of women of reproductive age in {{ selectedState.state }}

Notes:

Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.

Abortion Facts in {{ selectedState.state }}

Key data points like the number of abortions obtained in a state and the distance patients have to travel to reach the nearest abortion provider can offer important context for each state. It is important to note that abortion data often take several years to become available and may not reflect recent changes. This is especially true in any state that has recently enacted restrictions on abortion or has seen a recent increase in patients traveling from states with restrictions or bans.

{{ selectedState.abortions_obtained_in_2017 }} abortions were obtained in {{ selectedState.state }} in 2020

{{ selectedState.abortions_per_1000_women_aged_15_44_in_2017 }} Abortions
per 1,000 Women
aged 15-44 in {{ selectedState.state }} in 2020

{{ selectedState.clinics_provided_abortion_in_2017 }} Clinics{{ selectedState.clinics_provided_abortion_in_2017 }} Clinic provided abortion
care in {{ selectedState.state }} in 2017

{{ selectedState.counties_without_abortion_provider_in_2017 }}% of {{ selectedState.state }} counties did not have an abortion provider in 2017

{{ selectedState.residents_in_counties_without_an_abortion_provider_in_2017 }}% of women aged 15–44 in {{ selectedState.state }} lived in a county without an abortion provider in 2017

Before 6 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_6_weeks | mileage }} {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_6_weeks }}

Before 14 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_14_weeks | mileage }} {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_14_weeks }}

After 14 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_after_14_weeks | mileage }}Not Available {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_after_14_weeks }}

Before 20 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_20_weeks | mileage }} {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_20_weeks }}

Before 22 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_22_weeks | mileage}} {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_22_weeks }}

Before 24 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_24_weeks | mileage }} {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_24_weeks }}

After 24 Weeks

{{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_after_24_weeks | mileage }}Not Available {{ selectedState.aowdd_15_49_after_24_weeks }}

Notes:

The age range for “women of reproductive age” varies depending on the underlying data source. Some sources categorize women of reproductive age as 15–44 and others as 15–49.

Average distances refer to the median distance women aged 15–49 in each state would need to drive to reach the nearest abortion clinic. This means that half the women of reproductive age live within and half live farther than the stated number of miles.

The map accounts for differing gestational age limits at abortion clinics, which are either mandated by law or set by the provider.

Driving distances were calculated to the nearest US abortion clinic. In border states, a clinic in Canada or Mexico may be a shorter driving distance than a clinic in the United States.

This content represents driving distances as of June 21, 2022.

Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.